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On this planet, every lady passes through one of the most evolution of life called “Pregnancy”.
During pregnancy, she nurtures a life inside her body and ensures that the infant/ infants in her womb is/ are safe and healthy in all respect.
But since the male population is not impacted much bodily, so the problems faced during the phase are not openly discussed and are assumed to be “Ladies Talk”.
So, Team Explicit Facts has worked extremely hard in compiling Part 1 of the article “Pregnancy Blues”, where nothing is left for anyone’s imagination.
Without wasting any further time let’s dive into the topic.
Pregnancy and motherhood are the most beautiful times in a woman’s life.
The tiny life that has been growing inside you, is the fruit of love and dreams that you share with your partner.
Motherhood is a blessing and completes you.
Pregnancy is supposed to be one of the happiest times of a woman’s life, but for many women, this is a time of confusion, fear, stress, and even depression.
The 9 months of pregnancy can be happy if you get a partner and family that are supportive but sadly it is not always a fairy tale.
Most women in India face many issues during this period, related to family, spousal incompatibility, social customs or health.
It is important to help the woman accept and enjoy the changes that pregnancy brings in her life.
This is particularly important for her physical and mental health.
The mother’s health also has a direct bearing on her child’s health and future. A planned pregnancy is the wonder that you will feel every day.
The families get together and decide on the formalities and suddenly two strangers are bound in matrimony for life.
The couple has a difficult time adjusting to each other as they are nearly strangers right from the “First Night”.
With nil sex education, pressure from elders to get pregnant and piled up sexuality within over riped bodies, lead to pregnancy within the First or Second Anniversary, even before they get a chance to settle down with each other.
Joint Families. When staying in a joint family, the alone or quality time spent by the couple is also very less, compared to the nuclear family.
Even if the couple tries to spend alone time together then it is regarded as a wrong practice.
The lady is expected to spend most of her time in the kitchen to prepare all meals of the day, for the whole family and look after the elders.
Both Partners Working. In the case of both partners are working and have a busy office schedule then also they get very little quality time.
In present-day cut-throat competition and ever-increasing office working hours and 24×7 connectivity through social media, even 24 hours of the day are observed to be less to survive human life.
Male Child. Society in most of the country is very patriarchal and more aligned towards the male child.
The family also creates pressure on the woman to have a male child only.
The sex-ratio may be skewed towards boys, but the present situation demands that the woman gives birth to boys only.
No one thinks of the fact that soon they will not have enough girls to marry their boys too!
This familial pressure often is very strong as girls are still looked upon as a liability.
The education and then dowry that marriage will entail becomes an issue in most urban homes.
The mothers-in-law are often more vocal about it and women often live in stress due to this.
Sex determination is not legal in our country and so the issue becomes complicated.
In most of the cases, it is the duty of the lady to somehow manage and produce a male child for the family.
Sex Discrimination. The woman is not allowed to make a decision based on information about the gender of the baby at all.
Girl Child? If it is a girl, she might have to go through the process again after a year or so.
So, many times the woman is forced to go through multiple pregnancies to balance out her family.
Sex determination is allowed in western countries, but not in India.
The problem could be resolved if women were given the right to have control over their bodies and plan their families as they feel fit.
Courtesy – Youtube
All Over Again? Many times, the lady realizes after her delivery that she is the mother of a girl child and now she will have to prepare her mind and body to start the family planning issue all over again.
Old is not Gold? The older women of the family often have stories of pregnancies and may try many a trick that may be unpalatable to the new age woman.
She is literally made into a guinea pig, with the other family members giving baseless advice on the way she should stay through the pregnancy.
The advise pattern is often not in sync with the modern-day trends of medicine and may cause conflict.
For example, if your blood pressure is really high and your doctor asks you to go for a cesarean section in the eighth month, your mother in law may object by saying that children born in the eighth month do not survive.
Many a mother and child fatality have been high in our country due to these misplaced beliefs.
The need of the hour is to come out of the shadow and create a healthy and happy pregnancy and delivery.
All the above situations are not conducive to marital happiness, as the responsibility of the baby adds to the strain of the new relationship. All the post pregnancy related issues have been compiled in article New Mothers (Part 1 and Part 2)
First Timers. The mother-to-be is often confused and tentative about what to do.
The family may create issues in some cases while nuclear families may create havoc too.
The woman may be unaware of the changes that are happening in her body and feel fear and trauma.
If she lives as a nuclear family, she may feel isolated and alone when the partner leaves for work.
The sex life of the couple is also often not active at this time and the woman may end up feeling undesirable and neglected.
Financial Blow. The financial strain begins right here when there are tests, doctor visits, sonograms and soon to be done.
The delivery itself is an expensive affair.
These worries may make the situation worse.
The hormonal upheavals may make matters worse as there are mood swings and cravings which the husband may not understand.
Lifestyle Issues. Many a time the woman is healthy and can stay active till a few days before the delivery, but as times are changing, the lifestyle of most women is getting more sedentary and the childbearing age is going up.
Issues like high blood sugar and Blood pressure are quite common.
Diet Problems. Restrictions on diet may also create a sense of frustration.
Only healthy food, which is most of the times not at all good in taste, raises the stress in her mind. Junk food is just not permitted.
Old Habits. Smoking and drinking can be very harmful to the baby and women addicted to the same may feel the pinch. The withdrawal symptoms of any addiction can be bad. It may make her feel frustrated and depressed.
Even caffeine from coffee or tea can be bad for the baby and you may feel the irritation that not drinking your daily quota.
It is best to avoid things that can be harmful to the baby.
Bodily Changes. The woman may feel ugly and undesirable as the pregnancy progresses.
Her body weight increases.
She is expected to be fat, round and healthy.
Some ladies who are image-conscious find it extremely difficult to cope up with this sort of necessary evil.
They find it very difficult to accept this as a way of life and slips into depression.
24×7 Bed Rest. If the woman is relegated to bed rest the situation becomes worse as she cannot commute and is stuck in the house, intensifying the feeling of loneliness and isolation. Hormonal Changes. The pregnant woman is often a victim of her own mind. She has hormonal changes and these affect the way she behaves.
This may not be understood by the husband or the rest of the family.
The mood swings, the cravings for odd foods at odd times and bursts of anger or tears may leave the husband confused too. The woman needs support and love at this time and communication between the two must be strong.
“If a pregnant woman or new mom is depressed, don’t just dismiss it as ‘hormones’ or lack of sleep.
It could be something more serious,” she said.
“Suicide in pregnancy and postpartum is devastating for both the patient and the family she leaves behind.”
“As a society, we tend to avoid talking about suicide,” Dr. Gold said.
“But it’s important to try to understand and talk about risk factors if we are going to address suicide from a public health perspective.”
Obviously, the suicide victim cannot be interviewed after death, so it is impossible to get a complete picture of mental health conditions, thoughts about intent, or precipitating factors, the researchers point out.
Depression. Depression during pregnancy, or antepartum depression, is a mood disorder just like clinical depression. Mood disorders are biological illnesses that involve changes in brain chemistry.
During pregnancy, hormone changes can affect the chemicals in your brain, which are directly related to depression and anxiety.
These can be exacerbated by difficult life situations, which can result in depression during pregnancy.
According to The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), between 14-23% of women will struggle with some symptoms of depression during pregnancy.
Untreated Depression. But all too often, depression is not diagnosed properly during pregnancy because people think it is just another type of hormonal imbalance.
This assumption can be dangerous for the mother and the unborn baby.
Depression in pregnancy is an illness that can be treated and managed; however, it is important to seek out help and support first.
Depression that is not treated can have potential dangerous risks to the mother and baby.
Untreated depression can lead to poor nutrition, alcohol consumption, smoking, and suicidal behaviour, which can then cause premature birth, low birth weight, and developmental problems.
A woman who is depressed often does not have the strength or desire to adequately care for herself or her developing baby.
Babies born to mothers who are depressed may be less active, show less attention and be more agitated than babies born to moms who are not depressed.
This is why getting the right help is important for both mom and baby.
Symptoms. Women with depression usually experience some of the following symptoms for 2 weeks or more:
(a) Persistent sadness.
(b) Difficulty concentrating.
(c) Sleeping too little or too much.
(d) Loss of interest in activities that you usually enjoy.
(e) Recurring thoughts of death, suicide, or hopelessness.
(g) Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
(h) Change in eating habits
(a) Relationship problems
(b) Family or personal history of depression
(c) Infertility treatments
(d) Previous pregnancy loss
(e) Stressful life events
(f) Complications in pregnancy
(g) History of abuse or trauma
Courtesy – Youtube
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